A vacuum truck is a truck used to suck liquids, sludges, and slurries into a tank and transport them elsewhere. On a vacuum truck, you will find a pump and a tank, along with a long, extended hose that can be used for removing materials in hard to reach places. The pump is typically mounted to the front of the truck and is powered by the vehicle’s engine. Less often, you can find a vacuum truck that has an independent motor that is towed behind the vehicle.
Most commonly, a vacuum truck is seen pumping out septic systems and carrying waste to a treatment facility. They can also be used on farms to clean waste from livestock pens. It is also possible to use a vacuum truck for removing sewage from sand when a high-pressure pump is installed.